MSE 298 Seminar: The Science of Glass and The Glass of Wine
Distinguished Professor Emeritus
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Abstract: The United Nations designated 2022 as The International Year of Glass in honor of the many essential roles that this engineered material plays in modern technology and our daily lives, from fiber optic communication to the faces of our cell phones to the windows in our homes, offices and automobiles. In this seminar, I look back at that celebration with a personal overview of the science of glass as it has developed over the past century. Building on Zachariasen’s 1932 model of the random network structure of amorphous silicates, my doctoral thesis nearly 40 years later focused on the transport of gases through glass, looking specifically at the solubility of gasses in vitreous silica. I found that solubility could be nicely modeled with statistical mechanics, providing quantitative values for the size distribution of interstices in the glass. This information was timely as such medium range order was of great interest in the 1970s and 1980s. I continued to focus on this topic and its applications for the next 40 years during my time on the faculty at UC Davis. Much of this work is summarized in a 2011 review paper (1). Ironically, the topic of gas transport arose in a very different context when my wife, Penelope, and I produced a book for Wiley/ACerS on the intersection of the glass and wine industries (2). This was a natural topic for us, given our wine travels (often in conjunction with attending glass conferences around the world) and the fact that UC Davis is home to the leading wine program in America. The lack of oxygen transport, as well as culture and tradition, have made glass bottles the standard container for wine for centuries. So, the second half of this seminar will look at the way in which glassware plays a central role in the production, transportation and consumption of wine.
Bio: James F. Shackelford is Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at UC Davis and a visiting professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at UCI. He arrived at UC Davis after earning bachelor's and master's degrees at the University of Washington, Seattle, a doctorate at UC Berkeley and a postdoctoral fellowship at McMaster University in Canada. in addition to his more than 150 publications, he is the author of Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers, now in its 9th Edition and which has been translated into Chinese, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese and Spanish. He is also a co-editor of the CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, now in its fourth edition and the co-author of The Glass of Wine.
1) J.F. Shackelford, Intl. J. Appl. Glass Sci., 2 85-95 (2011).
2) J.F. Shackelford and P.L Shackelford, The Glass of Wine, Wiley/ACerS (2018).