MAE Seminar: Unsteadiness of Shock Wave/Turbulent Boundary Layer Interactions
Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
The University of Texas at Austin
Abstract: Shock wave/boundary layer interactions are an important feature of high-speed flow that occurs in supersonic aircraft inlets, aircraft control surfaces, missile base flows, nozzles and rotating machinery. These interactions are often associated with severe boundary layer separation, which is highly unsteady, and which exhibits high fluctuating pressure and heat loads. The unsteady motions are characterized by a wide range of frequencies, including low-frequency motions that are about two orders of magnitude lower than the integral-scale fluctuations in the upstream boundary layer. It is these low-frequency motions that are of most interest because they have been the most difficult to explain and model. In this seminar I will discuss the experimental research on 2D and 3D interactions that we have conducted on this topic over the past 20 years. The discussion will focus on the physical mechanisms that drive the separated flow unsteadiness and will highlight our recent work using 50 kHz particle image velocimetry to obtain information on the time-dependent structure of the of the unsteady motions.
Bio: Noel Clemens holds the Bob R. Dorsey Professorship in the Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics at The University of Texas at Austin and serves as department chair. He received a B.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Massachusetts/Amherst in 1985, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in mechanical engineering from Stanford University in 1986 and 1991, respectively. From 1991 to 1993 he was a postdoctoral fellow at the Combustion Research Facility at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, California.Clemens began as an assistant professor at UT in 1993 and was promoted to full professor in 2005. His areas of research include turbulent mixing, combustion, laser diagnostics, shock wave/boundary layer interactions, inlet unstart and high-speed flow control. He received the Presidential Faculty Fellow Award in 1995, the college’s Faculty Excellence Award in 1997, the award for “Outstanding Teaching by an Assistant Professor” in 1998, the ASE/EM Department Teaching Award in 2000, and the Lockheed Martin Award for Excellence in Engineering Teaching in 2011. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and he served as editor-in-chief of Experiments in Fluids from 2009 to 2012.