MAE Seminar: Thermal Applications of Multifunctional Materials with Nanoscale Architectures

McDonnell Douglas Engineering Auditorium (MDEA)
Michael T. Barako

Staff Scientist, NG Next basic research institute

Northrop Grumman Aerospace systems

Abstract: Thermal management is one of the primary bottlenecks to increasing performance in modern electronic devices ranging from laptops and smarthphones to solar cells and batteries. The thermal engineering of such devices represents a multiscale materials challenge that ranges from the ever-shrinking transistor to the increasingly prevalent portable electronics. Many of these problems can be addressed through "thermal metamaterials," which are multifunctional thermal conductors that exhibit unique combinations of properties not available in nature. In this talk, I will discuss avenues to synthesize and characterize porous metal nanomaterials having functional architectures to address three specific challenges in thermal engineering. First, I introduce the use of vertically aligned copper nanowire arrays as thermally conductive and mechanically flexible thermal interface materials. Nex,t I synthesize and measure the thermal conductivity of metal inverse opals, which are fluid-permeable and high-conductivity thin films for applications in microfluidic heat exchangers and microscale heat pipes. Lastly, I examine the use of porous metals infiltrated with a phase change material as high-rate thermal capactiors to buffer thermal transients. This talk aims to illustrate how we can push toward the extreme limits of thermal engineering by designing the architecture of materials at the nanoscale.

Bio: Michael Barako is a staff scientist in the NG Next basic research institue at Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems and a visiting researcher at UCI with Assistnat Professor Yoonjin Won. He received his doctorate in 2016 in mechanical engineering at Stanford University under Professor Ken Goodson. His dissertation examined novel techniques in both nanomaterials synthesis and thermal physics as applied to porous metals having functional nanoscale architectures. He received his master's in mechanical engineering from Stanford University and his bachelor's in mechanical engineering from Carnegie Mellon University (2010)  Barako's work has received recognition by numerous institutions, including the IEEE ITHERM Outstanding Paper and Best Poster Awards, Stanford MRS Art of Science Award, Stanford Centennial Teaching Assistant Award and the National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Student Fellowship.